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Saturday, September 8, 2018

top 10 forest of india

top 10 forest of india:-

top 10 forest of india

Various types of trees and plants grow naturally on land due to different conditions of climate and other causes - they are called vegetation. 

Vegetation is the natural property that is growing above land. In India grasslands are often not found. In the rainy days, the hills and the Yatra-Tarra grass are definitely needed. Evergreen forests are found on hills in more than 2,000 millimeters of rainfall.

 In the eastern part of the Himalayas, where the rainfall is high, the evergreen forests are on the hills of Assam and on the western slopes of the Western Ghats. Falling forests, also known as monsoon forests, are found in regions having rainfall of 1000 to 2000 millimeters.

Now we know us what are the top 10 forest in india who is famous-

Monsoon forest is found in the southern slopes of the Himalayas, the western parts of the country and the northeast of the South Plateau. Where there is less than 1,000 millimeters of rainfall, there are prickly rooted trees and shrubs that can protect their moisture. These dry jungle are found in southern Punjab, most parts of Rajasthan and in Gujarat.

 Various types of vegetation are found on the delta territories and beaches of the rivers. Beautiful forest on Ganga and Brahmaputra delta is famous. Due to the height of mountains and according to the changing conditions of the climate, the variety of vegetation is also found.

 In the western part of the Himalayas, the evergreen forests are found in the monsoon forest and the eastern part of the more rainy season. Almost similar type of vegetation is found to reach the height of 1,500 m on the hills of Nilgiris and Cardamom in the south.

Temperate continent mountain forests are found in the Himalayas ranging from 100 to 1,500 m, in which trees of pine and oak are main. Coniferous forests are found in the range of 1,500 to 2,100 meters, in which the trees of pine, sanvar etc. are the main ones. Due to being more cold and dry on higher altitude mountains, only dry vegetation - bush etc. can grow. Bamboo forests are also main in India.

types of top 10 forest in india:-

1:-Types of vegetation / forest

2:-Tropical evergreen

3:-Tropical wet deciduous forest

4:-Tropical sloping forest

5:-Sub-mountainous forest

6:-Dry deciduous forest

7:-Andrade of the Himalayas

8:-The dry temperate forest of the Himalayas

9:-Mountainous Temperate Forests

10:-Alpine and semi alpine forest

Tropical Evergreen Forest

These forests are often found in areas where 150 cm There is more rainfall than It is also mandatory to have temperature of 15-30 ° Celsius. These forests are found in north-eastern India, some parts of the Western Ghats, the lowlands of the Himalayas, such as Bhabar (foothills), and Andaman-Nicobar Islands.

It has been observed that in the regions in which the average annual 250 cm There is more rainfall than the forest of those areas are dense. In these areas which are found in the rain, their leaves do not fall regularly, and this is why they are called evergreen forests.

Some of the major species found in these forests are white cedar, cane. Girls, bamboos, chaplas, roars, gurjan etc. Due to the rugged places (inaccessible) these forests are not fully utilized.

The region where rainfall is found between 200-250 cm, forests are called semi-semi-evergreen forests. These are found in Western Ghats, Upper Assam or Himalaya Shields and Orissa.

Tropical Wet Deciduous Forest

These are monsoon forests. These forests are found in those parts of India where the average rainfall is 100-200 cm. Is between. These forests are found in Sahyadri, north-eastern part of the peninsula and in the foothills of the Himalayas.

 In these forests, there are Sagwan, Sal, Sakhua, Khair etc. trees which are economically important.

Tropical Thorn Forest

These forests are found in those regions where the average annual rainfall is 75-100 cm. And average temperature is 16-22 ° Celsius.

These forests are found in places like Madhya Pradesh, Western Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Kutch. Acacia, palas, cashews, well, wild palm etc. are found in this forest.

Himalayan Subtropical Pine Forests

These forests are found in those regions where 100-200 cm There is rains between and the temperature is between 15-22 ° Celsius.

 These forests are found on the slopes of north-west Himalayas, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh and north-eastern hill states. Pine is the main vegetation of this forest.

Dry Deciduous Forest

Dry deciduous forests are found in those regions where the average annual rainfall is 100-150 cm.

 And the temperature is between 10-12 ° Celsius. Acacia, jamun, modesta tree, pistache tree etc. are the main trees here.

Himalayan Wet Forest in the Himalayas

Adressed temperate forests are found in those regions where average height is between 1000-2000 meters.

These forests are found in Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, northern mountainous part of North Bengal. Here are the major vegetation - year, pine, oak, chestnut etc.

Himalayan dry temperate forest

The dry temperate one of the Himalayas is found in Jammu & Kashmir, Lahaul & Spiti, Chamba, Kinnaur (Himachal Pradesh) and Sikkim.

In fact, these forests are coniferous forests. Talk about the major varieties of this forest, then there are flora, fir, oak, willow, mulberry, olive etc.

Mountainous Temperate Forests (Montain Wet Temperate Forests)

In areas where the mountainous temperate forest is found, the temperature is between 12-15. These forests are found in the entire Himalayan region between Jammu and Kashmir and Arunachal Pradesh from a height of 1500 meters to 3000 meters.

 Most of these forests are found in shrubs, creepers and ferns. Cedar, oak, magnolia, chestnut, spruce tree, silver fur are its major species.

Alpine and Semi-Alpine Forests

Alpine and semi-alpine forests are found in the Himalayas whose height is between 2500-3500 meters.

The characteristic of this region is - small and low high conifer. Kel, Spruce, Cedar etc. are the major trees of this forest.

Desert vegetation

The average annual rainfall in this region is 50 cm. Less than Desert vegetation extends to Rajasthan and northern Gujarat in the west of Aravali.

The difference in daily and annual heat in this region is very high. Cactus, cashews, dates, acacia trees are the major flora of this region.

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