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Friday, September 21, 2018

top 10 important hormones in human body

Top 10 important hormones in human body

Hormones are chemical substances that coordinate the activities of organisms and also develop. They are secreted through specialized tissues in our bodies through endocrine glands. Different hormones have different effects on the body size. Some hormones work faster to start or stop a process, and some work continuously for a long time to complete their tasks.

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They assist in the development of the body, sexual activity, reproduction, metabolism etc. When these hormones are released in more or less quantity, then what effect does the body have? Let's study about top 10 important hormones in human body and their functions through this article.

Thyroid gland

Thyroid gland originally releases two hormones Triiodothyronine (T3) and Thyroxine (T4), which helps control our body's metabolism. Also, these hormones control weight, energy levels, internal body temperature, skin and hair regulation etc. also help.


This hormone is released by the pancreas gland. The pancreatic gland is found in the abdomen behind the stomach. It secretes hormones and enzymes to digest food easily. Uses glucose or sugar from carbohydrate found in food for energy from our body or helps in the storage of glucose for future use.

 It controls the level of blood sugar. If blood sugar level is high then hyperglycemia and hypoglycaemia occur if there is less. Diabetes is caused by the lack of chemicals called insulin, which is secreted by pancreatic in the body.


It is a female sex hormone that is produced by ovary. It is also manufactured by fat cells and adrenal glands. It is responsible for reproduction, menstrual cycle and menopause. When estrogen is more secreated in the female body then the risk of breast cancer, uterine cancer, depression, mood etc. is increased.

 If the estrogen is less secreted in the female body then the likelihood of acne, skin lesions, light skin, hair loss etc. increases.


Progesterone hormone is secreted by ovary, nerve (when a woman becomes pregnant) and adrenal glands. It stimulates and regulates various functions in the body. It plays an important role in maintaining the pregnancy.

It helps the body prepare for conception, pregnancy and controlling the menstrual cycle. When there is no pregnancy, progesterone levels drop and menstrual cycle is there. It also plays a role in sexual desire.


After the birth of a child, for breastfeeding this hormone is released by the pituitary gland in the female, which enables the woman to breastfeed. Prolactin hormone levels increase during pregnancy.

 That is, this flute plays an important role in fertility through inhibiting follicle stimulating hormone, FSH and gonadotropin-releasing hormone, GnRH.


This is a male sex hormone. It is an anabolic steroid that helps in the formation of body muscles. In men, this male role plays an important role in the development of reproductive tissue testes and prostrate. It promotes secondary sexual characteristics such as muscle growth and bone mass, body growth in body etc.

If testosterone occurs in insufficient amounts of males, there may be several types of abnormalities, including bone weakening.


This is a mood enhancer effective hormone. It is also known as nature's feel-good chemical. It is associated with learning and memory, regulates sleep, digestion and mood controls. If u say serotonin both the brain and the body acts as a neurotransmitter and a hormone.

Serotonin production is the result of an internal biochemical process of metabolization or breakdown of amino acids.

Due to the serotonin imbalance in the body, the brain can not produce enough hormones to regulate mood or stress levels. Due to low levels of serotonin, there may be depression, migraine, weight gain, insomnia, carbohydrate appetite etc. in the body. On the contrary, when the level of serotonin is high in the body, then there can be confusion, fainting, etc.


This hormone is produced by the adrenal gland. It helps you stay healthy and energetic. Its main role is to control physical and mental stress. In the event of danger, it increases heart rate, blood pressure, respiration etc. Cortisol is released in the body in a stressful time so that the situation can be confronted correctly.

 When the level of cortisol increases in the body then the cause of ulcers, hypertension, anxiety, cholesterol increases etc. Similarly, if the level of cortisol is low in the body then the habit of drinking, the cause of chronic fatigue syndrome etc. can be.


Adrenaline hormone is secreted in the neurons of the central nervous system as well as the medulla of the adrenal gland. It is also known as emergency hormone because it initiates a quick reaction that helps the person to think and fight stress. It increases the metabolism rate, spreads blood vessels to the heart and brain.

 During stressful condition, adrenaline is released in the blood and sends impulses into organs to form a good reaction. If you say yes, it helps in deciding or reacting in stressful situations.

Growth hormone

It is also known as somatotropin hormone. It is basically a protein hormone containing 190 amino acids that is synthesized and secreted by cells called somatotrophs in advance pituitary. It stimulates growth, cell reproduction, cell elevation and metabolism.

It plays an important role in human development.
The above article provides information about different types of hormones and their functions.

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