Tuesday, August 6, 2019

What is bacteria in hindi


Bacteria kya hai


~ bacteria microscopic single celled organism hota hai.

~ bacteria ko prokaryotes group me rakha gya hai.

~ bacteria soil,water,air aur lagbhag environment me hr jgh paya jata hai.

~ shape aur size ke adhar pr inka dimension 0.75-4.0 micro meter hota hai.

~ bacteria ko light microscope ke dwara dekha jata hai inhe naked eyes se nhi dekh skte hain.

Shape of bacteria


~ cocci
~ bacilli
~ vibrios
~ spirilla
~ spirochetes
~ actinomycetes
~ mycoplasmas

Cocci


~ ye small,spherical aur oval shaped hote hain.

~ in Greek 'kokkos' means verry.

~ eg:- micrococcus

Bacilli


~ ye rod shaped hote hain.

~ ye Greek word 'bacillum' se bna hai.

~ kuch bacilli cell ki length aur width equal hoti hai jinhe coccobacilli khte hain.

~ eg:- bracella

Vibrios


~ ye comma shaped curve like structure ke hhote hain.

~ eg:- vibrio comma

Spirilla


~ ye spiral like shaped ke hote hain.

~ ye helical shaped aur rapid bodies ki trha dikhte hain.

~ eg:- spirillum ruprem

Spirochetes


~ ye splender aur flexuous spiral form me hote hain.

Actinomycetes


~ ye branch ki trha filamentous bacteria hote hain.

~ inka yeh shape rigid cell wall ki wajah se hota hai.

~ eg:- streptomyces species

Mycoplasma


~ mycoplasma bacteria me cell nhi hoti hai.

~ cell wall absent hone se inki morphology unstable hoti hai.

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